Memorization Techniques for Students

Everyone’s had an awkward moment involving forgetting something at a bad time, whether in an exam or at the office. It can be difficult to remember something in a short term.

Real fact is that there are many more things we need to pay attention to in life today than there was even 10 years ago. In fact, we are now expected to remember, learn, and instantly recall nearly 100 more pieces of data per day than what our grandparents did 100 years ago.

Here are some ways to improve your memory of facts without complex and obscure pneumonic or special drugs.

Rote method and memorize through repetition:

Although rote learning doesn’t have a great reputation among educators for long-term data retention, it’s a fairly effective way to retain facts and figures in the short term for tests and exams.

Rote learning means learning through repetition. You probably learned the letters of the alphabet through repetition in combination with a catchy rhyming song. Schools still teach certain information using rote memorization.

When short-term data retention is your primary goal, rote memorization can be an effective memorizing technique. However, its repetitive nature and lack of analysis makes it an ineffective way to learn complex and detailed subjects.

For example, if words are to be learned, they may be repeatedly spoken aloud or repeatedly written down. Specialized forms of rote learning have also been used in Vedic chant since as long as three thousand years ago, to preserve the intonation and lexical accuracy of very long texts, some with tens of thousands of verses.

Visualization & Mind mapping technique:

A step up from a Method of Loci, visualization creates images and sequences around certain objects. Meditation often uses visualization and the unconscious way the mind is able to process information.

Mind maps are wonderful tools for retaining information. Since it’s often difficult to memorize information when it’s presented as a ‘wall of text,’ mind maps break down complex subjects into easily distinguishable visual categories. For example, Accounting could split into finance, day-to-day bookkeeping, equity, and other important subcategories.

Hand-writing of notes and assignments:

Students who hand-writing their notes and assignments are able to remember as much as 80% more of the information than those who use electronic devices. Hand-writing stimulates a portion of the brain that incorporates the physical, auditory, and intelligible parts of our learning processes. The combination provides more memory enhancements than other techniques.

In areas where final revisions are more common, most students are expected to re-write their notes at the end of the year and organize the information. The act of re-writing is a memory technique.

Learn through practical exercises:

Sometimes, the best way to remember information is through practice.  It’s often a lot easier to demonstrate and practice than to read, study, and memorize.

Practical learning is particularly helpful for hands-on topics like web development and mechanical engineering. For example, it’s easier to learn HTML tags by building a simple website than by learning a list of common tags by rote memorization.

Learn by Mistake:

For some people, purposely making a mistake and attaching the emotion of the mistake to the wrong answer can lead to remembering the right answer. The negative emotion is a stronger trigger than the praise for getting it right. Children who are in abusive homes or driven to perfectionism often utilize this technique.

This works well for choosing one of just a few answers, such as using baking soda rather than baking powder. It’s not a useful technique for things like names.

Learn by doing repeatedly:

Most people are able to learn a new skill by repeatedly doing something over and over. These people are physical learners. Sports, martial arts, music, and drawing are learned by repetition by doing.

This is a skill employed by most workplaces. The workforce teaches people by demonstration, then allows the person to repeat it. For most people, this is acceptable. But, if you are of a learning type that is more introspective, this is very distracting.

Learn by repeated listening:

Some people are able to learn by listening to something repeatedly. These people are auditory learner. Often times, learning a language is repetition by listening. Lectures, audio books, and sermons are attractive to people who learn in this manner.

One of the best ways to learn through listening is by recording spoken notes of the key points you learn from reading.

Use of flashcards method:

Mastering a new language is difficult, trying to memorize words and phrases in a new language especially if it has little in common with your native language or other languages you already speak.

One of the best ways to memorize words and characters is by using flashcards. Start with between five and ten characters, and test your memory by displaying them in a random order using real flashcards or a smart phone app.

Learn by maintenance rehearsal:

Maintenance rehearsal (a method of learning through repetition, similar to rote learning) can be useful for memorizing information for a short period of time, studies have shown that elaborative rehearsal, which is a means of relating new material with old information in order to obtain a deeper understanding of the content, is a more efficient means of improving memory.

This can be explained by the levels-of-processing model of memory which states that the more in-depth encoding a person undergoes while learning new material by associating it with memories already known to the person, the more likely they are to remember the information later.

Memorization by chunking method:

Another useful way to improve memorization is to use chunking, a method in which a person categorizes the information they are trying to memorize into groups. For example, a person wishing to memorize a long sequence of numbers can break the sequence up into chunks of three, allowing them to remember more of the numbers.

Similarly, this is how we often memorize telephone numbers, by breaking them up into the three sections: an area code, followed by a three-digit number and then a four-digit number. If a list of words is to be memorized, using chunking, the words could be broken up into groups based on their starting letter or based on their category (ex: Months of the year, types of food, etc.).

Sleeping after you learn:

 Studies have shown that when we sleep for 15 minutes after learning a complex topic, our brains review and relearn the topic in our sleep. Additionally, that topic has neural connections that solidify 50% quicker than when you don’t sleep.

This only works when the study period is well attended and you aren’t falling asleep reading it or in class. This is also the one of the few natural memory enhancers that we all can do without turning to a supplement, drug, or other artificial means.

Increase memory by walking:

Studies show that the act of walking increases memory formation by 25%. The motion allows parts of our brains that are idle during resting study to activate. The ability to unconsciously walk allows the conscious mind to focus more on the task to be learned.

Children with ADHD benefit from this technique because it also helps to expend nervous energy while studying. A study on Alzheimer’s patients also found physical activity works to slow the memory loss processes. It’s one of the ways to prevent memory loss, or learning how to increase your working memory.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a complex neurodevelopment disorder that can affect your child’s success at school as well as their relationships.


Memory improvement tips are good, but don’t try all of these at once. One or two are enough to increase your particular way of learning. All the memorization technique mentioned above won’t suite the same person, go by the process that you are comfortable with or gives you the necessary result.  Memorizing strategies is a process in order to build easy, go-to techniques. Like any other skill, it takes practice and dedication.

If all else fails, there are several apps to improve memory available online. Some are free, most are paid for. Many allow multiple reminders and repetitive reminders. But don’t give up. Some people will not be able to remember some aspects of information. That’s OK. These and other external aids will improve your life if you use them.


Generic medicine a relief to humanity

A generic drug is a medication created to be the same as an already marketed brand-name drug in dosage form, safety, strength, route of administration, quality, performance characteristics, and intended use. These similarities help to demonstrate bioequivalence, which means that a generic medicine works in the same way and provides the same clinical benefit as its brand-name version.

Generic medicines compared to brand-name medicines

Any generic medicine modeled after a brand-name medicine must perform the same in the body as the brand-name medicine. This standard applies to all generic medicines. A generic medicine is the same as a brand-name medicine in dosage, safety, effectiveness, strength, stability, and quality, as well as in the way it is taken and the way it should be used. Generic medicines use the same active ingredients as brand-name medicines and work the same way, so they have the same risks and benefits as the brand-name medicines.

It is important to note that there will always be a slight, but not medically important, level of natural variability just as there is for one batch of brand-name medicine compared with the next batch of brand-name product. This variability can and does occur during manufacturing, for both brand-name and generic medicines. When a medicine, generic or brand-name, is mass produced, very small variations in purity, size, strength, and other parameters are permitted.

Brand-name drugs look different from their generic versions

Generic medicines and brand-name medicines share the same active ingredient, but other characteristics, such as colors and flavorings, that do not affect the performance, safety, or effectiveness of the generic medicine, may be different.

Generic drugs may differ in:

  • Shape
  • Color
  • Packaging
  • Labeling (minor differences)

Generic drugs are allowed to have different inactive ingredients than brand-name drugs. For example, they may have a different:

  • Flavoring
  • Preservative

Generic drugs may also have a different expiration date than brand-name drugs. But even so, the generic must keep its effectiveness until its expiration date, just like a brand-name product.

Generic medicines cost less than brand-name medicines

Generic drugs also tend to cost less than their brand-name counterparts because generic drug applicants do not have to repeat animal and clinical (human) studies that were required of the brand-name medicines to demonstrate safety and effectiveness. This is why the application is called an “abbreviated new drug application.” This together with competition between the brand-name drug and multiple generic drugs, is a large part of the reason generic medicines cost much less.

The reduction in upfront research costs means that, although generic medicines have the same therapeutic effect as their branded counterparts, they are typically sold at substantial discounts, an estimated 80 to 85% less, compared with the price of the brand-name medicine.

Should we be taking Generic medication?

Generics are not available for all medications. The best way to find out if a generic is available for a medication you are taking — and whether or not you should take it — is to ask your doctor and pharmacist.

Some health insurance providers require you to use a generic drug, if available. If you choose to purchase the brand-name product, you may end up paying on your own or have a  larger co-pay.

Generally, your pharmacist can substitute a generic drug for a brand-name drug. If a generic is available, but for some reason your doctor thinks you should still take the brand-name drug, he’ll write “Do Not Substitute” on the prescription.

If your pharmacist for some reason does not substitute a generic for a brand-name drug, you can ask your doctor to indicate on the prescription that substitutions are acceptable. That way, you can get the same drug for a lot less money.

It can get confusing. Don’t be afraid to ask your pharmacist if the medication you received is the generic form of the medicine you are used to taking.

Tell your doctor if you notice any change in your condition or have any unusual side effects when changing from a brand-name to a generic drug.

Generic Drugs use worldwide

The story of generics versus branded medicine being used to treat patients all over the world is not new. Many people become concerned because generic drugs are often substantially cheaper than the brand-name versions. They wonder if the quality and effectiveness have been compromised to make the less expensive products. The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) requires that generic drugs be as safe and effective as brand-name drugs.

Actually, generic drugs are only cheaper because the manufacturers have not had the expenses of developing and marketing a new drug. When a company brings a new drug onto the market, the firm has already spent substantial money on research, development, marketing and promotion of the drug. A patent is granted that gives the company that developed the drug an exclusive right to sell the drug as long as the patent is in effect.

As the patent nears expiration, manufacturers can apply to the FDA for permission to make and sell generic versions of the drug; and without the startup costs for development of the drug, other companies can afford to make and sell it more cheaply. When multiple companies begin producing and selling a drug, the competition among them can also drive the price down even further.

So there’s no truth in the myths that generic drugs are manufactured in poorer-quality facilities or are inferior in quality to brand-name drugs. The FDA applies the same standards for all drug manufacturing facilities, and many companies manufacture both brand-name and generic drugs. Another common misbelief is that generic drugs take longer to work. The FDA requires that generic drugs work as fast and as effectively as the original brand-name products.

Sometimes, generic versions of a drug have different colors, flavors, or combinations of inactive ingredients than the original medications. Trademark laws in the United States do not allow the generic drugs to look exactly like the brand-name preparation, but the active ingredients must be the same in both preparations, ensuring that both have the same medicinal effects.

Generic medicines in India

While this is done in America when it will progress in India the poor shall be the greatest beneficiary of change. Anything for the poor is always a welcome idea but not at the cost of human health and survival. To compare American conditions with ours could be a naive if not disastrous idea sometimes.

It is well known that American democracy is more than 260 years old. Unlike India, it attracts the best of the talents from the world, and the public is ruled by a set of governance with a minimal bureaucratic control. Contrary to that, we are a developing nation with a short history, and merit has very often than not been a casualty. While the perception of the decision is poor-centric, ultimately it is this class which bears the brunt of poor quality in a system dominated by rich and the powerful.

While there is no denial of the fact that good quality generics are always comparable to the branded medicine, the quality of the product depends on the sophisticated processing and manufacturing of a research molecule. It is a global experience of the clinicians that the original molecules are more efficacious and have higher biological availability to act on the root of the disease process vis-à-vis those manufactured under different conditions and marketed after procuring licenses through dubious means.

While in United States, there is a stringent quality control and a serious periodic monitoring of the quality, this is far from truth in India, where to get a drug license through political or bureaucratic connections by corrupt means is as easy as buying vegetables in the market. The drug control mechanisms in India have huge limitations both in terms of availability of manpower and technology. Rampant corruption in the system makes it worse. The other major limitation in our country is the non-availability of qualified pharmacist and dispensers on the medical shops. The pharmacies or the drug shops all across India are largely manned by unemployed and untrained youth or family members. The pharmacist by and large outsources his license and takes his commission out of the contract. Left to them, it could have very serious implications where the technical ingredients of which the dispenser is ignorant could be wrongly dispensed under the huge risk of allergies and side effects. Further, many drug formulations with combinations shall be difficult for the unqualified shopkeeper to deliver.

With the mushrooming of pharmaceutical companies with incentives, the owner of the drug stores shall be least concerned with the quality of the drug. While it is true that some of the medical professionals have been hand-in-glove with the pharma companies and could have harmed patient interests, by and large a doctor would always like his patient to be cured and would prefer a quality medicine with good bioavailability for primary illness. He may be using certain adjuncts to benefit the company which could always be curtailed by a prescription auditing through the Medical Council. This would certainly be more preferred than leaving patients to the mercy of unqualified drug dispensers. Leaving it to the discretion of the pharmacist could be even more counterproductive. Chemists are unregulated and have no obligations, ethical or commercial for selling products.

Regarding the drug pricing, the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority can always reduce the maximum retail price and leave very little room for manipulation by the pharmaceutical companies. Government could also consider introducing uniform code of marketing for bringing down the cost of medicines.

No medical professional would be against the low cost generic, provided it that is a quality drug but it is believed that not more than 1% of generic drugs sold in India undergo quality tests as practiced in USA or Europe. Ensuring availability of uniform quality of generic drugs would facilitate doctors to prescribe them with confidence.

If this is ignored it is likely to create a disastrous situation for the common men where his suffering would increase if he is dispensed “cheaper” poor quality generics. The brunt would fall on the have-nots since, the affluent and the powerful would always manage the quality drugs either generic or branded. This has happened in the larger government institutions where the branded medicines were replaced by generics. Remember while comparing generics with the branded medicines, it is just not the content of the ingredient, it is the purity and the concentration producing effective biological levels in the blood.

Another fallout of the proposed change would negatively incentivise pharma companies to invest in research and development. Not only will it create huge unemployment issues but will also greatly hamper creation of newer molecules.

It is necessary for the concerned authorities to first set their house in order and create a local framework free of corrupt practices to provide quality in generic drug testing and also create stringent process of issuing licenses. Once this is available, the Generics would obviously be as good as the so called branded. Thus it would be a good situation for everyone.


Health benefits of papaya :

Papaya is now grown in several countries including India, Malaysia and Philippines. It is no wonder the papaya was reputably called the “fruit of the angels” by Christopher Columbus. Papayas offer not only the luscious taste and sunlit color of the tropics, but are rich sources of antioxidant nutrients such as carotenes, vitamin C and flavonoids; the B vitamins, folate and pantothenic acid; and the minerals, potassium, copper, and magnesium; and fiber. It is one of the popular fruits as it is rich in medicinal value and nutritive properties. It contains vitamins and mineral required for normal body functioning. This orange colored fruit is delicious and can be eaten as it is or in the form of juice, milkshake or smoothie. Raw papaya is used in India as a vegetable. it is not just flavorsome but also has many health benefits. Here are some health benefits of papaya.

  • Protection against Heart Disease

Papayas are an excellent source of the powerful antioxidants vitamin C and vitamin A. These nutrients help prevent the oxidation of cholesterol. When cholesterol becomes oxidized is it able to stick to and build up in blood vessel walls, forming dangerous plaques that can eventually cause heart attacks or strokes. Papayas are also a good source of fiber, which has been shown to lower high cholesterol levels.

  • Improves digestion

The fruit, as well as the other parts of the papaya tree, contain papain, an enzyme, which plays a vital role in the digestion of proteins in the body. This enzyme is especially concentrated in the fruit when it is unripe. Papain is extracted to make digestive enzyme dietary supplements and is also used as an ingredient in some chewing gums. Papaya is one of the best home remedies to treat irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.

  • Has antioxidant properties

Papaya contains carotenoid, an antioxidant that neutralizes the free radicals. Free radicals are molecule produced during the metabolism but too many of them can result in disease. Papaya is one of the best sources of carotenoid. The antioxidants present in dried papaya help to strengthen immunity and eliminate free radicals that are hazardous to your health. This fruit contains more amount of beta-carotene than in carrots.

  • Has anti-cancer properties

Research shows that papaya contains lycopene, which can lower the risk of cancer. It is believed that papaya helps in fighting cancer as it has the ability to neutralize free radicals. Papaya’s fiber is able to bind to cancer-causing toxins in the colon and keep them away from the healthy colon cells. In addition, papaya’s folate, vitamin C, beta-carotene, and vitamin E have each been associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer. Increasing your intake of these nutrients by enjoying papaya is an especially good idea for individuals at risk of colon cancer. The fruit is also beneficial for those who are undergoing a treatment for cancer.

  • Controls Diabetes

Research have shown that the consumption of raw papaya could help maintain blood sugar level and cholesterol because of the high fiber content, thereby keeping a check on diabetes. In some parts of India, especially the North East, papaya flowers are locally used as a preventive measure against diabetes.

  • Treatment of Dengue

Papaya leaves are commonly used in the treatment of dengue to help boost up the count of platelets. Dengue is an infection which affects the blood platelets massively. A simple remedy to get back the platelets count is to give the patient a glass of papaya leaf juice. It is prepared by grinding the leaves with a small amount of water to extract the juice. However, dengue can prove to be fatal once it develops into Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever which shuts down the circulatory system.

  • Treats constipation

Papaya helps indigestion and improves in the bowel movement, which helps in passing stool easily. The fruit contains vitamin C, folate and vitamin E, which creates and tonic effect in the tummy and reduces motion sickness.

  • Normalizes irregular periods

Drinking papaya juice can help normalize the irregular period. You can also drink the juice of raw papaya for irregular menstrual cycle. Papaya produces heat in the body and stimulates the hormone estrogen, which induces periods.

  • Relieves toothaches

Papaya is among the best home remedies for tooth aches. Make a paste of papaya roots and massage onto the gums and teeth ad get relief from toothache. You can also use the inner bark for this. Papaya helps in removing the bacteria from the tooth and aids in the healing process.

  • Fights infection

Papaya fights many fungal infection and kills intestinal worms, which causes many infections and complications.

  • Fights inflammation

Papaya contains several unique protein-digesting including enzymes papain and chymopapain. These enzymes have been shown to help lower inflammation and to improve healing from burns. In addition, the antioxidant nutrients found in papaya, including vitamin C and beta-carotene, are also very good at reducing inflammation. Many diseases are caused due to chronic inflammation and eating papaya will fight this inflammation.

  • Reduces acne

Papaya is very effective in treating many skin disorders. It can be used to treat acne. All you have to do is apply the fleshy part of the papaya skin on the affected area of your body. Eating the fruit will also make the skin clear. You can also obtain latex from papaya and apply it on the burnt area to reduce the marks.

  • Support Immune

Vitamin C and vitamin A, which is made in the body from the beta-carotene in papaya, are both needed for the proper function of a healthy immune system. Papaya may therefore be a healthy fruit choice for preventing such illnesses as recurrent ear infections, colds and flu.

  • Prevents ageing

Eating a papaya daily will prolong the process and may make you look younger than you are. Papaya is rich in vitamin C, vitamin E and antioxidants like beta-carotene which helps prevent your skin from free radical damage keeping wrinkles and other signs of ageing at bay.

  • Promotes hair growth

Papayas are very effective for maintaining healthy hair. Vitamin A in them is utilised in production of sebum, a compound that is crucial for keeping the hair smooth, shiny and moisturised. External application of papaya extract to the scalp can help you get rid of dandruff. The nutrients present in them help prevent hair loss. They boost hair growth  and prevent hair thinning

  • Helps in reducing weight

One medium sized papaya contains just 120 calories. So, if you’re planning to lose weight, don’t forget to add this light fruit to your diet. Besides, it also packed with a considerable amount of dietary fibre that aids weight loss by promoting a feeling of fullness and controlling hunger.

  • Keeps skin healthy and youthful

Papaya makes your skin youthful and healthy. The antioxidants present in the fruit is responsible for neutralize the excessive free radicals, which cause skin damage, sagging and wrinkles. Rich in lycopene and vitamin C, papaya also helps in reducing the sign of aging.


What makes a good employee quit?

It is really tough to hold on to good employees, but it’s not impossible to be done. Many of the mistakes that companies make can easily be avoided. When you do make mistakes, your best employees are the first to go, because they have the most options available.

If you can’t keep your best employees properly engaged, you can’t keep your best employees. While this should be common sense, it isn’t common enough. When you lose good employees, they don’t disengage all at once. Instead, their interest in their jobs slowly dissipates. Like dying stars, star employees slowly lose their motivation for their jobs.

Losing a good employee is a terrible thing. There’s the expense of finding, on boarding, and training a replacement. There’s the uncertainty of how a new employee will work out. There’s also the hardship on the rest of your staff until the position can be filled.

In order to prevent your best employees quite and to retain top talent, companies and managers must understand what they’re doing that contributes to this slow die away. Those wrong practices are the worst offenders, and they must be abolished if you’re going to hang on to good employees.

  • Over stressed with work.

Some periods of stress and feeling overwhelmed come with most jobs, but nothing burns out great employees faster than overwork. And often it’s the best employees, the most capable and committed; the most trusted who is overloaded with all the work. If they find themselves constantly taking on more and more, especially in the absence of recognition such as promotions and raises, they come to feel they have been taken advantage of or exploited.

  • Not satisfied with compensation.

Nobody will work for free or stay in an organization which doesn’t offer a satisfying remuneration together with a good package of additional benefits. Hence paying your employees in accordance to the amount of work they do is one of the most basic things you should do. Without offering promotions and deserved raises in their salary, you cannot expect high performing employees to stay for the same amount of compensation for long period.

  • Overlook performing employees

When an organization values its bottom line employees more than its performers, the best employees go elsewhere, leaving behind those who are too mediocre or apathetic to find a better position. The result is a culture of underperformance, low morale, and even disciplinary issues. Of course, things like profit, output, turnover, pleasing stakeholders, and productivity are important but success ultimately depends on the best employees who do the work.

  • Not appreciated or recognized

Even the most selfless people want to be recognized and rewarded for a job well done. It is a human nature. When you fail to recognize employees, you’re not only failing to motivate them but also missing out on the most effective way to reinforce great performance. Even if you don’t have the budget for raises or bonus, there are lots of low-cost ways to provide recognition–and a word of appreciation is free. People won’t care if they don’t feel noticed. Some words of praise every now and then are needed, so that employees can feel respected and perform even better at their job.

  • Lack of trust

If employees see their employer or top line dealing unethically with vendors, dishonest to stakeholders, cheating clients, or failing to keep your word, the best and most principled of them will leave. The rest, even worse, will stay behind and follow their top line.

Building a respectful relationship between the employer and the employee is important in order for a successful collaboration to happen. Working in a workplace where the managers are full of doubts about whether you are doing your job and also questioning your performance is not a situation an employee would wish to be in.

  • Lack of motivation and engagement.

Another reason for leaving a job, closely behind the compensation, is the lack of motivation and engagement at the workplace. Employees may have intrinsic motivation and be passionate about the job all the time. However, if managers do not try to do something to provide extra motivation, the employees may feel they are stagnating or even feel bored which is the last thing that should happen. An engaged employee is a happy employee.

  • No growth.

Employees don’t want to think they’re locked into a groove and will come to the same place and do the same thing every day as long as he or she is in this organization. Employees want to feel that they’re still moving forward and growing in their professional life. They want to have something to aspire to. If there’s no career ladder or structure for advancement, they know they’ll need to seek it somewhere else. In the meantime, they’re far more likely to be bored, unhappy, and resentful–things that affect performance and the entire team’s morale.

  • No learning environment.

What employees need at the workplace is the ability to continually learn and upgrade themselves professionally. The ability to grow, climb the career ladder, obtain new skills and be better at what they do over time is what every employee would like. However, some workplaces do not offer them much learning opportunity and because of that, employees lose the motivation to work and do not see any future for themselves in the company they currently work for.

  • Different mindset of coworkers

We may all like our friends more than we like our colleagues, but the truth is that our colleagues are those with whom we spend most of our day. Once someone has chosen to accept a job at a given company, they have automatically and indirectly chosen their colleagues as well. They might love their job, but coping with the different mindset of their coworkers could be an issue that cannot be fixed. By making the right decisions while hiring, you wouldn’t like to see your best employees leave because of the others.

Matter of Concern:

Lastly managers tend to believe turnover is the main problems of everything under the sun while ignoring the root cause of the matter. They should also accept the fact that employees don’t leave jobs; they leave their managers.

There may be many other reasons or mistakes that cause great employees to leave. Please share your thoughts in the comments section below, as this will help me to learn much from you as you do from me.


Some study methods to help you achieve…

It’s never too early – or too late – for students to develop good study habits. The sooner you get into a good study method, the easier everything will be and the more your chances of getting good marks will improve. Students who follow these methods learn more easily, retain material for longer periods of time, and save themselves hours of study time. Here are some study methods that will help you in your studies:

A study schedule is must.

Prepare a study timetable setting aside certain hours of each day for study just as you do for nourishment and sleep. Follow the same schedule faithfully every day. The amount of time needed for study will vary for each individual based on skills with the subject matter.

Early in the year an hour or two a night might be enough to stay on the mark. Later in the year you might need to study more each day. This helps you understand things and get well prepared for your exams. It also helps you avoid the stress of last-minute cramming before going for your exams.

Right place and time.

Everyone has their own idea about the best place and time to study. If concentration is your problem, then the right surroundings will help you greatly. Your study desk or table should be in a quiet place – free from as many distractions as possible. It should make you feel happy and inspired.

You will concentrate better when you study in the same place every day. It’s a mind set. Some students can study better in the morning while others better at night. Work out which time suits you and plan to study then. Don’t study much later than your usual bedtime – pushing yourself late at night can make you too tired to study properly.

Developing the habit of studying in the same place at the same time everyday will improve your concentration.

Properly equipped study place.

Apart from your books & copies your study desk or table should be equipped with all the materials you might need to complete the assignment, e.g., pencils, pens, erasers, paper clips, stapler, dictionary, liquid refreshments, etc. Sometimes you may require a calculator or other supplies for some assignments. With your materials at hand, you can study without interruption. If you have a desktop Computer or laptop beside your study desk it would be an advantage during your study time.

You will require snack food and drinks during study breaks. So if it is available at the study location then it will eliminate those endless trips to the kitchen which break your concentration.

Manage your time effectively.

It is very necessary to have your study program to effectively get in motion so that you can make the most of your study time.

You should set alarms to remind you about your study timetable. A regular reminder keeps you honest and your course of action on track.

Your study timetable, calendar or wall planner should be properly placed up so you can see it whenever you’re studying. Important dates, like exams and assignment due dates should be marked.

At the start of the week, make a list of the things that you need to have done by the end of the week. Make a to-do list at the start of each study session too, so that you’re clear about what you need to be doing with your time.

Your Learning process.

We all have our preferred way of learning. Here are some processes you can follow.

If you do best by hearing things, and can retain information that comes to you orally, you’re probably an auditory learner. Try reading your notes aloud and discussing them with other people. Teaching the information to someone else is one of the best ways to learn. Draw diagrams/graphs, write out explanations, and teach concepts to each other to help each of you better remember them.

You can use verbal and listening repetition to help you remember the order of things.

Record yourself saying what needs to be memorized once, then play it back to yourself while you sleep. The repetition in your sleep can help you to reinforce concepts you have already consciously acquired.

If you are permitted to taping lectures then it help you to get your missed notes and also to hear the information presented again for a second or third time. This will be enough to cause the information to stick to your memory without much more effort.

Some of you might prefer to learn by seeing. Try using colours in your notes and draw diagrams to help represent key points. You can also try to remember some ideas as images.

Highlight important points while studying.

While studying look for important points or key words depending on what you have to memorize, highlight them, remember them, and then try to memorize the rest. If reading online PDFs, make use of the highlighting function for key points. This helps you to memories, as well as fast recovery of information when searching through the document again.

Revise again & again.

At least once a week you should go back over the notes you’ve studied in earlier. Revising things over again can help you to understand the concepts and help you remember when you need them the most.

Frequently write and rewrite the notes. When you go to your note board, look at an item, rewrite it and replace the existing one. If you are having particular difficulty with one of the existing notes, take the old note and put it somewhere else, where you will see it more often. Replace that one occasionally, too. This way you learn it all twice, once when you make the study materials or notes and once when you use them to revise. In case of mathematics practice again and again to bring it to perfection.

Get a friend or family member to examine you on key concepts. Offer to help your friends with their work too. Quizzing are great ways to get confident about what you know and find out what you still need to learn.

Breaks and refreshment.

It’s important to take breaks while you’re studying, especially if you’re feeling tired or frustrated. Working too long on a task can actually decrease your performance.

When you take a break, make sure you get away from your desk or study space. A bit of physical activity – even just a walk around the block – can sometimes help you to look at a problem in a different way and could even help you to solve it.

Always stay motivated.

When you’re studying it helps to keep in mind your reasons for doing all this hard work, like a course or career you’re working towards. It can help to have something in your study space to remind you of your goals.

You could also decorate your study space with inspirational quotes or photos of people you admire and family members you want to make proud of you.

Take care of yourself.

The most important thing is that you will study better and perform your best only if you take care of yourself. Make sure you eat well and get enough sleep and physical exercise. Don’t take too many sugary or fatty snacks or push yourself to study late into the night. It’s also a good idea to make sure you drink lots of water when you’re studying.

If you put forth the effort to study effectively, the improved skills will soon become a habit and be just as natural as breathing. The result can be better grades, greater knowledge, and higher self-esteem. These skills will also serve you well in your professional and personal life. Your motto should be, “I’m responsible for my success!”


Many health benefits of potato, amazing!

Potatoes are one of the most common and important food sources on the planet, and they contain a wealth of health benefits that make them all the more essential as a staple dietary item for much of the world’s population.

Many children around the world often refuse to eat their vegetables, yet they share something else in common. They almost all like potatoes. This is the strange and magical quality of potatoes; you will rarely find anyone who dislikes them or refuses to eat them. They are in almost every major continental diet in some form, and they can be prepared in dozens of ways, including baked, fried, sliced, mashed, and many more.

Potatoes originated in the Andean mountain region of South America. Researchers estimate that potatoes have been cultivated by the Indians living in these areas for between 4,000 and 7,000 years. Today, this vegetable is one of the most popular throughout the world and the main producers of potatoes include the Russian Federation, Poland, India, China and the United States.

Potatoes should not be stored around onions because both vegetables emit natural gases that cause the other to decay. Potatoes should not be stored in the refrigerator, as their starch content will turn to sugar giving them an undesirable taste.

Nutritional value:

Potatoes are a very good source of vitamin B6 and a good source of potassium, copper, vitamin C, manganese, phosphorus, niacin, dietary fiber and pantothenic acid.

Minerals: If potatoes are consumed regularly, we can ensure a good supply of water and ions in your body. Potatoes are rich in potassium, magnesium,  phosphorus zinc and are good for the skin. So, eating the potato with its skin is always beneficial. They also contain calcium and iron.

Vitamins: Potatoes contain large amounts of Vitamin C present in them. In addition to this, they also contains Vitamin A, B and P. High concentration of vitamin B6 in potato earns high marks as a health-promoting food. Vitamin B6 plays numerous roles in our nervous system and is a key player in athletic performance and endurance.

Water: In Potato water accounts for about 70-80 percent of their weight. We have a general misconception that by eating potatoes one will become fat. If our potato dish contains large quantities of greasy butter, sour cream, melted cheese or bacon bits then it can be a potential contributor to a heart attack. If we can’t keep away from those high-fat and high-cholesterol greasy French fries, or potato chips then one is bound to become overweight.

Starch: Potatoes contain about 17% starch and they are one of the best natural sources of starch. However, one should avoid eating sprouted potatoes as sprouting leads to the conversion of starch into sugar.

Some ways that will help us reduce the loss of potato nutrients:

Peeling the potatoes before cooking should be avoided. The protein and mineral content beneath the skin is very high so if we eat the skin along with the inside part, we get all these nutrients, or else we will primarily end up eating is just carbohydrates.

When we boil potatoes, first we should heat the water to its boiling point and then add them. This will reduce the cooking time and help us maintain the Vitamin C content.

Frying of potatoes should be minimized, as 75% of Vitamin C is lost during frying. We can use other cooking methods such as baking and steaming to reduce loss.

Foremost Health Benefits:

Improves digestion- Since potatoes predominantly contain carbohydrates they are easy to digest and facilitate digestion. The fiber content in potato helps in prevention of constipation. The vegetable improves bowel movement and keeps the digestive tract healthy. Fiber is also connected with scraping cholesterol out of the arteries and blood vessels, thereby increasing heart health.

Reduces blood pressure- Potatoes can be used to relieve high blood pressure due to tension. They should be avoided if the high blood pressure is a result of diabetes. The fiber present in it is helpful in lowering cholesterol and improves functioning of insulin in the body, which aids in the lowering of blood pressure. Baked potatoes are rich in potassium and magnesium, which are important for healthy heart.

Reduces inflammation- Potatoes are very effective in reducing  inflammation both internal and external. It is soft, easily digestible & contains a lot of Vitamin B6, potassium and vitamin C which can relieve inflammation of the digestive system and the intestine. Vitamin-C is also a very good antioxidant that repairs tissue wear and tear. Hence, people who suffer from arthritis and gout can use potatoes for their anti-inflammatory impact, but should eat baked potatoes instead of deep fried ones.

Protects Skin- Potatoes rich in Vitamin-C and B-complex also contains minerals like potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc are good for the skin. Vitamin C as an essential nutrient that works in our bodies as an antioxidant to help prevent damage caused by the sun, pollution, and smoke. Crushed raw potatoes pulp, mixed with honey, can work well in skin and face packs. This even helps to cure pimples and spots on the skin. Potato pulp, applied externally on burns, provides quick relief and faster healing. Smashed potatoes, and even potato washed water is very good for softening and cleaning skin, especially around the elbows, and the back of the hands.

Relieves Rheumatism- One of the home remedies for rheumatism is Potato. Vitamins like the calcium and magnesium help to provide relief from rheumatism. Water obtained from boiling potatoes can relieve the pain and inflammation of rheumatism. However, due to high starch and carbohydrate content, it tends to increase body weight which may have adverse effects on rheumatic people. So external application is better than consuming the potato itself.

Weight gain- Since Potatoes are rich in carbohydrates and contain very little protein so it is an ideal diet for those excessively lean or thin people who desperately want to put on weight. Vitamin-C and B-complex, present in potatoes also help in proper absorption of carbohydrates. That is why potatoes make up a large part of the diet of sumo wrestlers, as well as many other athletes who need large energy reserves to burn off in order to compete.Brain Function Brain to function efficiently depends largely on the glucose level, oxygen supply, vitamin-B complex and certain hormones, amino acids and fatty acids like omega-3. Potatoes cater to most of these needs. They are rich in carbohydrates, and thereby maintain good levels of glucose in the blood. This prevents the brain from letting fatigue creep in and it keeps your cognitive activity and performance high. Now, the brain needs oxygen, which is carried to the brain by the hemoglobin in the blood; its main constituent is iron which is present in potatoes. Thus they help deliver oxygen to the brain as well. There are a wide variety of vitamins and minerals in potatoes that positively affect the function of the brain, including phosphorus, zinc, and the B complex vitamins.

Prevents cancer- Fiber intake from fruits and vegetables like potatoes are associated with a lowered risk of colorectal cancer. Research has shown that potatoes contain a compound called quercetin, which has been proven to have anti-cancer and anti-tumor properties. High levels of vitamin A and C both have antioxidant qualities that can protect our body from the devastating effects of cancer.

Building Bones-Iron, phosphorous, calcium, magnesium, and zinc in potatoes all contribute to the building and maintenance of bone structure and strength. Iron and zinc play crucial roles in the production and maturation of collagen. Though phosphorus and calcium are both important in bone structure, the careful balance of the two minerals is necessary for proper bone mineralization consumption of too much phosphorus with too little calcium can result in bone loss.

Prevents Scurvy- High level vitamin-C present in potatoes can help prevent this disease, caused by a deficiency of vitamin-C. It is characterized by cracked lip corners, spongy and bleeding gums, and frequent viral infections. In certain nations of the world scurvy still exist, this can be check by the abundant presence of potatoes to solve this problem.


Some care also needs to be taken while eating potatoes. Green potatoes are often poisonous, and so are potato leaves and fruits, as they contain alkaloids like solanine, chaconine and arsenic. An overdose of those chemicals could easily prove fatal. People who are obese, trying to lose weight or diabetic should avoid eating potatoes. If eaten, potatoes are healthier when baked, rather than raw or fried.


How to Choose a Career

Most people have a level of uncertainty on where to get help in how to choose a career and career guidance. There are 3 basic steps that a person can take to help them with the question of How to Choose a Career. Listed below are several suggestions to help you choose a career. These steps are especially helpful for students as they develop a career plan.

Steps in Choosing a Career

Step One

Figure out where your career interests are by asking yourself:

  • Where do my interests lie?
  • What do I do well and enjoy?
  • What kind of personality do I have?
  • What’s really important to me?
  • What are my values?

Take any career-related tests your college’s career center might offer, or take an on-line career assessment to help you figure out how to choose a career. Draw on your own life experiences on jobs, classes or other opportunities that you may have particularly enjoyed. Remember, this is very personal and is all about you! Choosing a career can be very satisfying with the right help.

Step Two

Learn about your career options. Rarely do you have the opportunity to take a class in college that shows you what the work world as it actually exists. You have to take the initiative to explore it yourself. See if your college’s career office has a library of books describing different kinds of work, the typical qualifications needed and the salary ranges for various occupations. Your college’s career counselors should be able to help. Also, talk to people through informational interviews, and try out careers by shadowing and taking internships or part-time jobs. The more career planning that you can do as a student, the better prepared you will be when you start to look for your first job.

Step Three

A third part of how to choose a career is to sort out your priorities for a career. After you’ve spent time on steps one and two, some of your strong preferences may start to emerge. You might learn you don’t want to be in an office environment. Or you might find that your interest in art wouldn’t sustain a career, so you cross those types of jobs off your list. Whatever it is that you learn about yourself, you’re making important discoveries that will help you choose a good career when the time comes. This is a major component of career planning for students.

Most importantly, keep it all in perspective: You don’t have to live forever with any career decision you make in these phases of student career planning. Most people change careers several times during their lives, so the first job you choose right after college probably won’t be your career 15 or 20 years from now — unless you want it to be. So don’t put too much pressure on yourself to make the perfect decision, and always keep your eyes open, and use all available resources in your journey to find how to choose a career.


Colour of our Bedroom can help in bringing love and happiness in our life

Colours play a very important role in our lives. Especially, our bedroom which we often call our haven. It’s our personal sanctuary and choice of colours should be such which help us evolve in our day to day life and induce right amount of sleep. Can we imagine a world where everything was just blue or pink ?  Maybe, may not be. Colours can change our fate according to Vaastu and Feng Shui. Let’s see how some colours can affect our lives….


Green symbolise good hope. Green colour also represents fertility and healing. When painted in a bedroom, this colour can have magnetic effect in lives of the indwellers. Also, couples who are having problems conceiving a baby can also try getting their bedroom being painted green. Green colour brings in hope and healing and is very soothing for the mind. After a long day at work or other pressing issues, your bedroom can be your sanctuary.


Red symbolises passion and bravery. Since this colour is loaded with emotions, it should be avoided in the bedrooms. However, if your heart for this colour, it should be balanced with light pastels. One wall of your room can be painted with the red colour, whilst other balancing it with neutral tones.


Yellow colour signifies patience and wisdom. This is indeed a powerful colour and is extremely intense in its purest form – this colour signifies energy. Whilst bright tones of this colour is recommended for places like study and kids room, for a bedroom it should be light in its shade as it balances the energy and evokes love and harmony.


White is for peace and intensity. this colour brings in clarity and focus. People have a notion that pure white room is great, however, it is a metal colour and too much white can actually hamper a good night sleep. This colour should always be balanced with some colours. In case, you like it all white, make sure to decorate your room with some colourful art pieces or similar to balance out the intense metal energy.


Beige is the colour of harmony and love. It represents the element of earth and it should be balanced with fiery tones; those of reds, purples and pinks. A bedroom, when balanced according to Vaastu or Feng Shui palette, can create wonders in an individual’s life. Also, this colour can affect your sleep cycle in a positive manner promoting almost a very soundf sleep.


Orange represents beauty and power. This colour gives all – comfort, reassurance and also enhances spirituality and power. This colour invokes happy feelings and love, hence it is an apt colour to be used in a bedroom or master bedroom.


Pink is harmony and joy, ecstasy in its purest form. Pink is also the colour of love and happiness and it helps enhance the mood of the indweller of a bedroom whose walls are painted pink in colour. Most of the shades of this colour are suitable for master bedrooms and ushers in a lot of positivity.


Black is a very heavy colour for a bedroom, but it sure is not something you cannot experiment with. If an individual’s heart is set on this colour, the other walls should be painted in happy pastels colours to avoid the heaviness and strike a balance. Generally, when a bedroom wall is painted in black, it is the back wall of your bed. This provides a lot of grounding force in your day to day life.


Blue colour promotes tranquillity, development and growth. A bedroom painted with any shade of blue can evoke very positive effect in an individual’s or a couple’s life. However, if it’s an extremely dark shade you have used in your bedroom, you should strike a balance with subtle tones to make it perfect. A hue of Blue is always a better choice for the bedroom.


Benefits of water therapy

The early morning hours is our ‘’golden hours’’. A lot can be done before we start the day. Oil massaging, drinking lemon water, dry brushing, meditation / praying and  a quick morning workout are all examples of how we can start our day healthy and set the tone for the rest of the day. But the Japanese recommend us to add one more very healthy habit, the Japanese water therapy. For decades the Japanese have been practicing the habit of drinking water in the morning on an empty stomach.

Drinking water is of course generally good for our health. Water is a great source of vitality and is a necessary element for every cell and function in our body. There is no life without water. Many scientific studies and research is going on for years on the effects of drinking water on human lives.

Now what do you understand by Japanese water therapy?

Japanese traditional medical system recommends drinking water just after awakening because of its natural health benefits.

For decades, it is a well-known habit in Japan to drink water immediately after waking up every morning on an empty stomach although no studies could be found on it.

For minor illnesses as well as serious diseases the water treatment has been found successful by a Japanese medical system as a natural remedy in cases of:

  • body ache
  • headache
  • arthritis
  • fast heart beat
  • heart problems
  • epilepsy
  • obesity
  • meningitis
  • diabetes
  • menstrual disorders
  • urine and diseases
  • vomiting
  • gastritis
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • piles
  • ear, nose, and throat diseases
  • all eye diseases
  • bronchitis asthma

Let us understand the different steps in Japanese water therapy 

What precautions to take before we start practicing the Japanese water therapy? If you suffering or have any kidney problem or other severe health issues, then take your doctor’s advice before starting the Japanese Water Therapy. Now we come to the steps we need to follow to carry out this therapy.

  1. After we wake up we should drink 4 x 160ml (22 ounces) glasses of water not cold before we do anything else, including brushing our teeth.
  2. After we finish our water, we can brush our teeth, but eating or drinking for next 45 minutes is not allowed.
  3. After 45 minutes have passed we may eat and drink as normal.
  4. After every meal or snack, we should not eat or drink anything for next 2 hours.
  5. If anyone is sick, elderly, or not used to this habit, one can start this process gradually that eventually after some days will consume 22 ounces water per day.

It is suggested to continue this therapy and to make this procedure a routine in our life. The Chinese and Japanese usually tend to drink hot water with their meals, not cold water. Maybe now it’s time that we should also adopt their drinking habits? In Ayurveda also there are also many suggestions on the temperature of drinking water. They believe that drinking liquids too cold or too hot can cause many diseases.

Now why should one believe this Japanese practice?

There are some remarkable facts which convince us to adopt some of the Japanese healthy habits. Japanese have the most longevity life as nation and there are quite a number of Japanese men & women older than 100 years.

Japanese water therapy, similar to the water therapy in Indian ayurveda, has been around for a very long time. In fact, the Japanese water therapy is extremely popular not only in Japan, but throughout the world. We all know that our bodies are made up of 60-70% water so when the amount of water in our body reduces, we face different health problems since our organs can’t function without water.


We should never overdo this water therapy. Drinking excess water in a short time can lead to what is known as “fatal water poisoning” or affect our kidney. Now the level of excessive water depends on factors like age, person’s fitness level, weight, climatic conditions etc has to be taken into account. Too much of a good thing is also not good either, and this certainly goes with Japanese water therapy as well. So some conditions & precautions are to taken before we go for Japanese water therapy.


Job does not give life a meaning

People would be a lot happier with the job they had if they were happier with themselves outside of their job. We have seen steady decline in job satisfaction, no matter if the employment rate is very high or very low, and even when most people have control over their time and their workload, they still report that they are unhappy in their jobs.

People do not like work because they don’t like their personal life. And the key to being happy at work is not so much finding the perfect career as it is finding yourself. The more self-knowledge you have the happier you will be. So stop looking at your job to solve your problems and instead look inside yourself. Make friends with yourself and with other people, and your job, whatever it is, might start looking better because you’re not asking so much from it.

If you are looking to your job for the meaning of life, forget it. Even people who feed starving children have crisis of meaning. (For example, what is the point of feeding one child when six will die?) The meaning of life is elusive and you must put in a lot of time and energy to find meaning in your life.

The job hunt is separate. The job is something you have to do to support yourself. Since you’re going to be doing it for a good portion of your life, you should look for some basics: People who respect you and your personal life. A company that is honest. A job that uses your skills and experience. A job that challenges your abilities without overwhelming you.

Work does not need to give your life a grand purpose in order to be a good experience. The most pleasurable work provides a perfect balance between too much and too little — in terms of both amount and difficulty

A career is like a mate. The relationship is limited by what you bring to the table. If you are not happy with yourself, you won’t be happy with the match-up. Here’s an analogy a friend once told me: You have to have the cake, and then the relationship is the icing. It doesn’t matter how good the icing is if there’s no cake to put it on. Who eats icing by itself ?

The part about you is the most important. What do you do when you’re alone? How do you feel about yourself? What are your core values and do you lead your life according to them each day? Do you numb yourself with food or TV or alcohol? It’s very hard to be honest about this stuff. Yet amazingly, people spend lots of time on locating a job and a mate and very little time locating themselves.

“Employees should not demand that companies imbue their lives with meaning,” “Employers and employees have something the other needs. One of the keys to a mutually beneficial relationship is a realistic understanding of what that something is.” A job is not a life.

In fact, online matrimonial is not a bad model for evaluating a job. For one thing, you should never write that you want a mate to make you feel fulfilled — that’s asking much too much from a single person. Yet we complain all the time that our jobs are not fulfilling.

Online Matrimonial services ask that you be as specific as possible in your desires. So try that for a job. Here’s what I would ask for in a job, and it’s the same thing I looked for in a spouse:
Consistent with my values
Leaves space for the other parts of my life

And here’s another thing about those lists: You are probably going to have to be your list to get your list. That’s why interesting people are at interesting companies. So be who you want to be instead of looking for a mate or a company to make you who you wish you was.